Published On Oct 27, 2012 | Issue 1 | Volume 17 2011

PENAPISAN FITOKIMIA DAN ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK METANOL MANGROVE Excoecaria agallocha DARI MUARA SUNGAI PORONG

Asep Awaludin Prihanto
Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya Jalan Veteran, Malang-65145
Muhamad Firdaus
Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya Jalan Veteran, Malang-65145
Rahmi Nurdiani
Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya Jalan Veteran, Malang-65145
Abstract

The aims of this study were to screen phytochemical and antibacterial potency of methanol extract of Excoecaria agallocha. The phytochemical screening used qualitative analysis and the antibacterial assay determined by diffusion method. The results showed  that extracts of leaf, flower, bark, stem and root of Excoecaria agallocha, respectively, contained alkaloid, steroid, flavonoid, tannin,  terpenoid and saponin. Methanol extract of all part of Excoecaria agallocha, except the root, inhibited the growth of gram positive  bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144), Mean while, the leaf of Excoecaria agallocha extract not only inhibited the growthof  gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144) but also the growth of gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC  8739).

Key words: Antibacterial, Excoecaria agallocha, methanol extract, phytochemical

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