Published On Feb 02, 2012 | Issue 1 | Volume 9 2003

THE EVIDENCE OF BACILLIFORM VIRUS A CAUSATIVE AGENT OF WHITE SPOT SYNDROME OF WHITE SHRIMP Penaeus merguiensis

Hari Suprapto
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine The University of Airlangga Surabaya Kampus C Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115 - Indonesia
Abstract

The rod-shape virus particles were found in the hyperthrophied nucleus and cytoplasm of diseased white shrimpPenaeus merguiensis naturally infected by White spot syndrome (WSBV). In natural infection cumulative mortality of shrimp werevery high, 95% of population were dead in 3-7 days, and 5% of shrimp population survived. The disease was outbreak in intensiveculture farms used the closed circulation sea water system. Others crustacean such as crabs and bentatos were not infected by WSBVat time of sampling. The virus particle were rod-shape ranging from 78 ± 10 nm in diameter and 280 ± 10 nm in length. The pathogenicbacteria mainly dominated by genus Vibrio sp were isolated from shrimp.Key words: Bacilliform virus, Penaeus merguiensis, white spot syndrome

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