Published On Jun 21, 2018 | Issue 2 | Volume 23 2018

Influence of smoking rate on ultrafine particle emission of cigarette smoke

Arinto Y.P Wardoyo
Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Dionysius J.D.H Santjojo
Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Tintrim Rahayu
Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Islam Malang, Malang, Indonesia
Saraswati Subagyo
Research Institute of Free Radical and Shadding, Malang, Indonesia
Abstract

Ultrafine particles have been attached the attention for researchers due to their impacts on human health. Ultrafine particles can be emitted from burning process, such as forest burning, agriculture waste burning, cigarette, etc. In this study, ultrafine particles produced by cigarette smokes has been investigated as a function of smoking rate. The samples consisted of different types of Indonesia cigarette called Kretek cigarette. The quantification of emission factors was conducted by the burning of the cigarette samples, then the smoke that was sucked with a different flow rate using an adjustable pump. The flow rate was chosen to correspond as close as the variation of the rate that people smoke. The measurements of ultrafine concentrations were carried out using an ultrafine particle counter P-Trak TSI 8525 capable of measuring particles with the diameter in the range of 20 to 1000 nm. The results showed that the emission factor of ultrafine particles significantly depended on the smoking rate. A higher smoking rate produced higher average ultrafine particle emission factor.

Keyword

Cigarette smoke, ultrafine particle emission,

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