Published On May 29, 2012 | Issue 2 | Volume 16 2011

KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI MINYAK ATSIRI Piper gibbilimbum C DC: PIPERACEAE

Praptiwi, Yuliasri Jamal, Ahmad Fathoni, Ary P. Keim
Bidang Botani, Puslit Biologi LIPI, Jl Raya Bogor Km 46, Cibinong 16911, Jawa Barat
Abstract

Distillation of Piper gibilimbum leaves by water distillation yielded 0.85% light yellow essential oil. Result of GC-MS analysesshowed that P. gibilimbum essential oil contained 72 chemical compounds with major components 3-carene (40.64%), β -pinene (8.47%),cineol (6.19%), α-copaene (5.47%) and α-guaiene (9.30%). Antibacterial test with disc paper method indicated that the essential oilat 50% concentration inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococus viridans,Escherisia coli and Shigella fl exneri.

Key words: antibacteria, chemical components, essential oil, Piper gibbilimbum

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