Published On May 29, 2012 | Issue 2 | Volume 16 2011
Distillation of Piper gibilimbum leaves by water distillation yielded 0.85% light yellow essential oil. Result of GC-MS analysesshowed that P. gibilimbum essential oil contained 72 chemical compounds with major components 3-carene (40.64%), Î² -pinene (8.47%),cineol (6.19%), Î±-copaene (5.47%) and Î±-guaiene (9.30%). Antibacterial test with disc paper method indicated that the essential oilat 50% concentration inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococus viridans,Escherisia coli and Shigella fl exneri.
Key words: antibacteria, chemical components, essential oil, Piper gibbilimbum
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