Author Guidelines

Berkala Penelitian Hayati is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by Indonesia Biological Association, East Java, Indonesia. Botany, zoology, ecology, microbiology, physiology, nanobiology, coastal biology, hydrobiology, neurobiology, genetics, developmental biology, biochemistry and molecular biology, biophysics, and life science are the biological fields covered by the journal. Authors are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works that are not under review in other journals. Manuscripts should be written and will be published in English. Berkala Penelitian Hayati is currently distributed in several reputable libraries in Indonesia. Authors should refer to the instructions below to prepare their manuscripts. One of the editors and at least two reviewers will review the submissions. Authors may suggest names of potential reviewers. Berkala Penelitian Hayati uses anonymous reviewing, in which the identities of authors and reviewers are kept confidential.

Manuscript Submission

Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process or send by email berkalahayati@yahoo.com.

Type of Manuscript

Original Article presents an original and significant major advance in bioscience, having a wide research scheme and deep discussion of the findings. The article's structure consists of Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and References (see Manuscript Format in details). The article should be typed in paper length of 15 pages or 3000–4500 words.

Review Article is expected to present an original and review of significant advances in bioscience with a comprehensive research scheme and deep discussion of the findings. The article's structure consists of Abstract, Introduction, Contents, and References (see Manuscript Format in details). The article should be typed in the paper length of 15 pages or 3000-4500 words.

Short Communication is based on the urgency, research scope and/or depth of discussion, Berkala Penelitian Hayati will publish an article as a short communication. The short communication (~1500 words) receives the same in-depth review as the full article.

Manuscript Formatting Guide

1 Please provide the manuscript with no authors identity.

2 Manuscript is written in 12 point Times New Roman font double space in A4 paper. Margins on all four sides are 2 cm with left alignment and do not split it into double-coloumns (should be single-coloumn).

3 Page numbers are located at the right bottom.

4 Use Line numbers. To add the line numbers in the Microsoft Word program, go to the “Layout” menu in the “Page Setup” main menu. Click Line Numbers, make a tick in “Add line numbering” and choose “Continuous” option.

5 Figures and Tables are uploaded separately in another file. Provide figures in jpeg/jpg and compile in pdf format, while tables are provided and collected in Microsoft Excel.

Manuscript sections are written in this order i.e.: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement, References

Human and Animal Rights

Suppose the research involves the use of human subjects. In that case, the author should ensure that the research described has been carried out according to the code of ethics of the world medical association. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that explains consent was obtained for human experimentation and must always be observed. Every animal experiment should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out according to Scientific Procedures.

Detail of Manuscript Sections

Title Page is provided in separated documents either in Microsoft Word or pdf format. It consists of the authors’ full name (no abbreviation), e-mail address and affiliation (full address with postcode).

Cover Letter is sent by e-mail after submission. It includes an introduction that states the title of the manuscript, why the study is important and relevant to the field of Berkala Penelitian Hayati, major experimental results and overall findings, a brief conclusion, a statement explaining that the manuscript has not been published and is not being considered for publication in any other journal, and a statement that all authors approved the manuscript and its submission to the journal.

Title consists of no more than 20 words. Authors have to give a running title (maximum of 50 characters includes spaces), a short title used as a page header.

Abstract is around 150-250 words without references and numbers, abbreviations, acronyms, or measurement unless essential. The abstract should commence with a clear introduction of two or three sentences mentioning the research background. Subsequently, state the general problem of the research. Results are the main findings that directly answer the research problem(s). One or two sentence(s) discuss the finding(s) or prospective(s). The editor has the right to edit the abstract for the reason of clarity.

Key Words. Maximum 6 words and written in alphabet order.

INTRODUCTION. Write down the research background and mention the previous studies that had been done. State the problem(s) that are needed to be answered through your work. Give a short description (local and scientific name) of the organism of interest.

METHODS. The method section needs to be brief and detailed enough to allow reviewers to answer some or all of the following questions: (i) Is the study an experimental or an exploration? (ii) Are the methods described in sufficient detail so that the study can be replicated? (iii) If your research uses the previous researcher method, please describe that method briefly. If you make any modifications, describe the modified part. (iv) Name the number of samples and give courtesy to whom you obtained the samples. (v) State seasonal variation of the habitat (if applicable) or date of sampling. (vi) Human materials should be collected under standard ethics and obtained with informed consent.

RESULTS. Results are written separately with discussion. All data given in the result should be stated in the tables, graphs, or figures. See Figures and Tables criteria below. State the obtained results based on methods. Do not present the same data in both table and graph format. Do not state references in the result section. Means should be given standard deviation.

DISCUSSION. Discuss your data by comparing it with current related reports. Highlight the similarities, as well as the differences and the uniqueness of your findings. Explain why your result (s) is coming to be. End the discussion by giving a conclusion and future research on that particular topic.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. State the grant source (Institution, year of the contract) and the person to whom the grant was given. Name the person(s) that help your work.

REFERENCES. References only list the published or accepted materials for publication. It should be at least 80% primary references (journal articles). Accepted article(s) but not yet published should be sent as manuscript appendix. Website, personal communications, unpublished data should be incorporated in the text in parentheses. Example: … The deduced amino acid sequence of the gene was compared for homology with BLAST search (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/blast). Personal communication need to be written with the initials surname of the source accompanied with the year of the statement, e.g., (Takahashi 2007, personal communication). Authors should provide proof(s) of the communication.

Berkala Penelitian Hayati follows the name-year citation style. All works included in the reference section should be referred to in the text. They should be referred to in the text by the name(s) of the first author and the year of publication in parentheses, using the following format: (Brower & deSalle 2015) or Brower and deSalle (2015). Use the first author’s name and “et al.” when there are more than two authors. The order for references within parentheses in the text should be typed start from the oldest year. (Monteiro & Pierce 2021; Morinaka et al. 2020; Rubinoff & Sperling 2019). If the references have the same year, place them alphabetically. For works by the same author(s) in the same year, append a lowercase a, b, c, etc. to the year of publication. The reference list should follow these styles:

Journal article

Author AB, Author CD, Author EF. 2001. Title of article. Journal 60:128-132.

Example: Bagnara JT., and Fernandes PJ., 1993. Hormonal Influences on the Development of Amphibian Pigmentation patterns.Zoological Science 10: 733-748.

Book

Author GH, Author IJ. 2006. Title of Book. City of publication: Publisher’s name.

Example: Brown TA., 1993. Genetics a Molecular Approach, 2nd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 270,302-303.

Chapter in a book

Author KL, Author MN. 1999. Title of a chapter: a subtitle. In: Editor MN, Editor OP (eds). Title of Book. 2nd ed. City of publication: Publisher’s name. p 200-235.

Example: Templeton AR.,1989. The Meaning of Species and Speciation; A Genetics Prespective dalam Otte D., dan Endler, JA. (Ed.) Speciation and its Conseuences. Sinauer Associaties, Inc., Sunderland. 1-27.

Thesis or Dissertation

Author MN. 2002. Title [Dissertation]. Location of university: Name of university.

Example: Widayanti KA. 2006. Color perception of L4M5 gene carrier female Macaca fascicularis [Thesis]. Bogor: Bogor Agricultural Univ.

FIGURES are uploaded in pdf (combined with the title and explanation) and separately in jpeg/jpg format compiled in ppt/word (original image and big size or clear enough), for pdf, present graph in a maximum width of 8.5 cm. Numbers and title are written in 8 points. Add measurement scale if needed. Arrows should be given to point to certain objects.

STATISTICAL GRAPHS. Give standard deviation to every mean value. Authors that used Microsoft Excel Program need to give the raw data.

TABLES. Give standard deviation to every mean value. Table titles should be concise. Explanatory material, notes on measurements, and other general information that applies to the whole table should be included as the first, unnumbered footnote and not in the table title. Numbers and table titles are written in 8 point Times New Roman font. Please provide an editable file.

Proofs

Fax/E-mail will send proofs to the corresponding author and they are expected to proofread the article carefully. The administration should receive the corrected proof within two working days.

Article Processing Charge

The author whose works is accepted for publication is subjected to pay 1,400,000 IDR (100 USD) per published article up to 7 pages.

Open-Access

Berkala Penelitian Hayati is an open-access journal: all articles will be permanently and immediately free for everyone to download. After acceptance, the articles will be published under a noncommercial licence that everyone free to share (copy and redistribute) the material in any medium or format by the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-ND 4.0).

Orginality, Acknowledgement and Plagiarism of Sources

Author should submit only entirely original works and experiments, also appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should be cited.

Multiple and Redundant Publication

Generally, manuscripts described essentially the same research and experiment should not be published in more than one journal publisher. Submitting one manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

1. Cover letter

2. Title page

3. Full Manuscript

4. Editable-Tables file and figures

5. Tables and figures legend file

Privacy Statement

The names and e-mail addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other part.