Gatra Ervi Jayanti Tintrim Rahayu


Natural antioxidants are less likely to cause side effects than synthetic antioxidants. As free radical scavengers, natural complex compounds can be used as antioxidant sources. The bidara plant, for example, has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties and has potential as a free radical scavenger (Zizipus mauritiana). The goal of this study was to identify antioxidants and their roles in complexes formed in bidara plants to scavenge free radicals. 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) was used in the antioxidant assay, and its physical properties were determined using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM)-Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). According to DPPH analysis, the 2.7 M concentration leaf-bark had the highest inhibition activity, accounting for 43.794%, indicating an effective scavenging activity. Bidara contains elements, some of which are metals like sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca), according to FESEM-EDS analysis. The bidara plant is a powerful antioxidant and free radical scavenger. In terms of capturing free radicals, complex compounds differ from single compounds. Several elements found in Bidara plants are required for scavenging and life processes.

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Scavenger, complex, antioxidant, elements, bidara

Citation Format
How to Cite
Jayanti, G. E., & Rahayu, T. (2023). Free radical scavenger of complex compound derived from bidara plant (Ziziphus mauritiana) nanopowder. Berkala Penelitian Hayati, 29(1), 34-40. https://doi.org/10.23869/bphjbr.29.1.20235